Employee’s tax return for 2017

Please note: The article explains the procedure for employees only. A different procedure applies to self-employed or other sources of income.

Is the annual tax reconciliation done by an employer?

Your salary has been taxed by 15% each month, calculated from the super-gross salary (ie. 134% of your gross salary), on a pay-as-you-go basis and your employer already has reduced your monthly taxes for up to 2.070,- as per taxpayer. This, and for children, is the only automatic tax relief the employer can regularly claim for employees. Any other tax claims have to be done after the end of the year in a form of annual tax reconciliation. In most cases, the annual tax reconciliation is done by your employer. Your payroll department should contact you and ask if you want your employer to do the accounting for you. In such case, they should take into account any applicable tax allowances from the tax base (paid charity gifts, mortgage interests, private pension savings, life insurance, union fees) and tax reliefs (tax relief for a taxpayer – 2.070,- each month – for months he or she did not work in the CR, for a spouse at home, children, kindergarten, studies, disability).

(To apply some of the tax allowances and tax reliefs, your employer may ask you to bring a confirmation about your tax residence in the Czech Republic. Such document is called Czech tax domicile. More about the domicile below.)

However, annual tax reconciliation cannot be made to an employee who is legally required to file a tax return individually (§38g, 586/1992 Col.) This applies to:

  • an employee who had more than one job at a time (or other jobs not taxed by withholding tax each month)
  • an employee who received any other income (over 6,000 CZK) worldwide (business activity, sales, renting out, shares, capital gains etc.)
  • an employee who received over 1,355,136 CZK of gross salary in a year and thus paid “solidarity tax“. (A solidarity tax is applied to a monthly gross salary higher than CZK 112,928. Such taxpayers pay additional 7% – on top of flat 15% – of the amount exceeding the monthly limit, but if the limit for the full year has not been exceeded, they got the solidarity tax back.

How to file individual tax return form?

In case you have to (as per the previous paragraph) or want to file an individual tax return forms, you can apply the same personal tax reductions: tax relief for children, spouse, study and reduction of tax base for allowances such as charity donations, interests from mortgage, pension and life insurance contributions and others.

The time for the individual income tax return submission expires at the end of March. The latest submission date is April 2nd. It is necessary to submit the tax return on a valid form. Although only forms in the Czech language are accepted, you can see and compare the English translation of the income tax return form and the instructions for filling out the income-tax form. Download any personal income tax forms here.

A tax return can be submitted at whatever office of the Financial Authority without any respect to your local affiliation. You can, of course, file all the forms on your own, however, more frequently you would need a help of a professional accountant or a tax advisor to evaluate your situation, your possible gains and help you to file all the forms and supplement those with necessary attachments and documentation. We, at the Brno Expat Centre, cannot do the administration for you. We can only suggest you English speaking tax consultants.

What are all the possible tax reductions?

Allowances from the tax base

Allowance

Maximum amount for allowance from the tax base in 2017

Charity gifts*

minimum CZK 1,000 per gift, maximum 15% of the tax base; a blood donation is valued for 2,000,-

Mortgage interests*

CZK 300 000

Private pension savings (in Czech pension fund)*

maximum CZK 24 000                                              (annual contribution must be at least CZK 12 000; optimal is CZK 36 000)

Life insurance*

CZK 24 000

Union fees*

CZK 3 000

Tax reliefs

Tax relief

Amount of discount for 2017

Taxpayer

CZK 24 840

For maintained children* (1st, 2nd, 3rd)

CZK 13 404, CZK 19 404, CZK 24 204

For maintained spouse* (income below 68 000)

CZK 24 840

For student

CZK 4 020

For kindergarten tuition*

maximum CZK 11 000

*The benefits with an asterisk can only be applied to a Czech tax resident or non-resident (EU citizen) having more than 90% of his worldwide incomes from the Czech sources.

Czech tax residence and tax domicile

To apply some of the tax allowances and tax reliefs, you need to prove that you are a Czech tax resident. In an individual tax return, in an individual’s responsibility, you can just claim this and support your claim with some documents (accommodation and employment contracts etc.). However, when your employer does the annual reconciliation for you and takes the responsibility, they may ask you to bring an official confirmation about your tax residence in the Czech Republic. Such document, called Czech tax domicile, is issued by the Financial office upon reviewing your personal situation, your documentation about your stay in the CR, and sometimes interviewing you. The tax domicile is issued usually within a couple of weeks and the Brno Expat Centre can you help you with that. Please download and read detailed guideline we have provided: BEC Infosheet: Tax domicile.

Many taxpayers make a common mistake in determining their tax residency according to the length of their stay (183 days) in the country. The definition is included in a local and also in most foreign income tax laws. The majority of foreigners living in the Czech Republic come from the so-called “contractual countries” which means that the Czech Republic concluded with their country of origin a Treaty for the avoidance of double taxation (Double Taxation Treaty) with a higher force than local laws. Article 4 in each of the treaties defines a tax residency in four descending steps and in a quite different way than local laws. According to the conventions, you become a tax resident in a country 1) where you have your own or rented flat 2) where your personal and economic relations (center of vital interests) are, 3) where you usually stay, 4) of which you are a citizen, or 5) where competent authorities come to such an agreement.

 

 

The determination of tax residency is often complicated task for tax advisors let alone for normal people. If your employer has not helped you with the matter, you can visit a professional. Anyone who is not sure about their tax obligations can hire a professional registered tax advisor. This can bring at least two advantages.The deadline will be prolonged for 3 months untill the end of June which gives you additional time to organize all necessary documents. And second, the tax advisor assumes full responsibility for the tax return and takes care of possible follow-up negotiations with the Tax Authorities.

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This article has been written in cooperation with a registered tax consultant  Michael Hájek from Bell Consulting.

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