What's your situation? Choose from below to get the right information.

Are you an EU or non-EU citizen?

eu

non-eu

What is parental benefit?

Parental benefit (rodičovský příspěvek) is the most important social benefit available through the State Social Support. It is an important contribution for parents available on request for both the mother and the father. This allowance is covered by the state social support (státní sociální podpora) and granted to the parent on a parental leave1 (rodičovská dovolená)2 (Article 196 of Labour Code) in order to enable a better care of a child at the maximum age of four or until the total amount of the parental benefit paid reaches the sum of CZK 220,000 on one child or CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.).

1. There are situations (usually during the month when the parent switches from maternity to parental benefit) when parental benefit is used to cover the difference between the full monthly amount of maternity benefit (or any other social benefit such as sickness benefit) and the amount assigned to that month according to the number of calendar days during which the parent is still eligible for the benefit. In case of the maternity / parental benefits the following month is already fully covered by the parental benefit.

2. Parents (both female and male employees) in the Czech Republic have a legal right to be granted parental leave by their employer. This entitlement and its scope are upon their request but only until the child turns three. The parents have a possibility to ask for one extra year of approved absence from work to take care of their child (pracovní volno z důvodů péče o dítě) and the decision is up to their employer. Both men and women are entitled to parental leave – the mother can apply once her maternity leave finishes, the father right after the baby is born. Parental leave does not need to be used at once – between the first and third year of age of the child the mother or the father can return to work and then request parental leave again. The parents can take turns in taking parental leave or they can take it at the same time. When back at work after parental leave, the employees must be offered a position according to their work contract but during the time they spent at home they are not entitled to any wage and this period is seen as a period of absence for annual leave purposes.

Am I eligible?

Foreign parents are entitled to parental benefit if they meet the following conditions5 :

If you are an EU citizen, your eligibility to the parental benefit in the Czech Republic depends on the place of your economic activity and / or your residence.

  • If both (or at least one) parents are economically active and reside in the Czech Republic, you are entitled to the parental benefit.
  • If both (or at least one) parents are economically active in two EU countries, it is the residence that matters and determines in which country they are eligible for the benefit.
  • Your employment status matters in some situations as well as – when considering eligibility for parental benefit in the Czech Republic – employment abroad has a higher value than self-employment here.

Once your eligibility has been established on the basis of residence and employment, there are a few more conditions – equally valid for both Czech and foreign parents – that need to be met. They concern the extent to which the parents on parental leave drawing the state social benefit can take advantage of public nurseries, (specialized) care centres and pre-school establishments. The general rules are as follows:

  • Children younger than two: 46 hours / month
  • Children of disabled parents: no more than 4 hours / day
  • Disabled children: no more than 6 hours / day

In general, the parent is allowed to work and draw parental allowance but, while working6, the parent must make sure that the child will be taken care of by another adult person.

The parent’s income is not tested either at this point yet the previous eligibility for maternity benefit and the monthly amount you were accorded play important roles in the way you will be allowed to draw and regulate your parental benefit.

5. Please, note that assessing eligibility for parental benefit is usually done in person as it requires a very specific approach and tends to vary case to case. In the section ´Entitlement to benefits´ on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs you can read a more precise explanation of the required conditions.

6. Self-employed parents who continue their business are, of course, still obliged to pay their social and health insurance advance payments.

What amount am I entitled to?

As we have already established, parental benefit is an allowance for parents duly caring for their youngest child and it is limited by time (4 years of the child´s age) and / or by a total amount that can be allocated per child (CZK 220,000)7 . If the daily basis of assessment can be determined for both parents, the calculation is based on the higher one.

Once granted, parental benefit can be paid up to 3 months back8 from the date of application. The parent can change this monthly amount every three months.

Changes in the state social benefits

Family benefits (namely parental and child benefits)9 have undergone changes which are valid from January 1, 2018.

As for parental benefit, the changes are overall positive. Thanks to higher monthly limits parents can draw the allocated money quicker. Also, anyone who is granted parental benefit can now change the height of their monthly allowance every three months. Last but not least, parental benefit in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) has been increased by fifty percent.

The new conditions apply to anyone who applies from January 1 2018 onwards. Those parents who are already getting parental benefit can apply for transition into the new system at any point starting January 1, 2018 using a form called Choosing the monthly amount of parental benefit (Volba výše rodičovského příspěvku). In case of parents of multiple children, transition into the new system will not only change the way and speed of drawing the benefit, but it will also increase the overall sum10.

Calculation of a monthly benefit

The maximal height of a monthly parental benefit depends on whether the daily basis of assessment for determination of your maternity benefit11 can be calculated or not. This (im)possibility to assess one’s daily basis is determined by

  • the fact whether the parent was or was not eligible for a maternity benefit
  • the fact whether the parent was economically active and thus contributing towards their sickness insurance12 12 months prior to the month the child was born in

the country/ies13 the parent worked in during the above-mentioned period of time

  • the height of the parent’s income during the above-mentioned period of time

a/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CAN BE ESTABLISHED

If at least one parent was eligible for and therefore drawing maternity benefit or if at least for one of the parents it is possible to calculate a daily basis of assessment14 , the maximal monthly amount can be as high as their (hypothetical) maternity benefit.

PB max = 30 x daily basis x 0.7

b/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED

In case none of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit and the daily basis assessment15 cannot be calculated for any of them either, the maximal monthly amount of parental benefit is clearly set.

PB max = CZK 7,600

Men

If the mother of the child is not eligible for parental benefit, or if she is not happy with the maximal monthly amount based on her previous income and (therefore) sickness insurance contributions, the allowance can be drawn by the father of the child in case he meets all the required conditions.

Multiple children

By nature parental benefit is a social benefit supporting the parent taking care of the child(ren), not the child(dren) themselves. That is why even in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) there is only one benefit. The conditions of eligibility are identical with those concerning parental benefit for one child. However, the maximal possible amount of parental benefit for parents with multiple children is higher – CZK 330,000. Also the formula defining the maximal monthly amount is different:

  • PB max = 30 x daily basis of assessment x 1.5 in case of parents whose daily basis can be assessed
  • PB max = CZK 11,400 in case of parents whose daily basis cannot be assessed

Monthly amount of parental benefit can be changed every three months.

A second child

In case a second child is born while still drawing parental benefit, the parents (mother or father) need to meet the same basic conditions (270 days / 2 years – employees, 270 and 180 / 2 and 1 years – self-employed) as when applying for the first maternity benefit. Except for ‘chain births’ (= the mother starts the second maternity leave before the first child turns three) when the eligibility for the second maternity benefit is based on the same data as the previous one, the two last calendar years preceding the start of the second maternity leave are taken into account. The situations then may vary16 according to the parent´s job situation or type of employment (self-employed, employee etc.) and it is therefore highly recommended to visit the Employment office in person and assess your situation with one of the officials.

In case you (or your spouse / partner due to better work or insurance conditions) are entitled to the second maternity benefit, it, once again, depends on your specific situation how the rest of your parental benefit can be used up in the most efficient way. In case you have enough time, you can increase the monthly amount to its maximum. If it still is not enough to use up as much benefit you are entitled to as possible, you can swop with your partner / husband and draw the rest of the benefit under different (= more convenient) conditions. The rest of the benefit you do not manage to draw before your second maternity benefit starts will be erased and you start with a new parental benefit (= CZK 220,000 credit) with the next child. It is your obligation to announce at the Employment office (State social support department) that you are applying for the next maternity benefit. In case none of the parents is entitled to the second maternity benefit, you will apply for the next parental benefit right after your second child is born.

7. CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.)

8. In case in one of these months parental benefit ´collides´ with maternity benefit (e.g. your maternity benefit finishes on March 15 and you apply for parental benefit on June 1), the amount of parental benefit for that month will be the difference between its full  monthly amount and the amount of maternity benefit for that particular month.

9. The above-mentioned changes also affect other types of social benefits such as parental benefit for parents providing temporary foster care or housing benefit. These, however, are not the subject of this infosheet. You´ll find more information (in Czech only) in the official press release published on the website of the Miinistry of Labour and Social Affairs.

10. If parents of multiple children who are already getting parental benefit wish to change the overall sum from CZK 220,000 to CZK 330,000, they will need to officially reapply for the benefit. This possibility concerns parents who have already used up the whole original sum (CZK 220,000) but whose children have not yet turned four. For the list of documents needed in order to reapply see the section ´Procedure – Required documents´ below.

11. For more information see the section ‘Benefit’ in the previous part ‘Maternity benefit’.

12. Calendar days parents spend on a maternity leave are considered as days with valid sickness insurance – for example for the purpose of assessing the daily basis when applying for parental benefit.

13. If it was the Czech Republic, an EU country or a nonEU country with a bilateral treaty covering social benefits, the parent’s daily basis can be assessed by the local Social insurance office. If it was a nonEU country without a bilateral treaty, it is not possible.

14. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceeding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

15. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

16. Have a look at this very useful overview of various situations that could happen when expecting a second child and re-applying for maternity benefit. In Czech only, unfortunately.

How do I apply?

The procedure of applying for parental benefit is a rather simple one. As for the timing, the mother of the child can apply right after finishing her maternity leave or, in case she is not entitled to maternity benefit, right after her baby is born. The father of the child can apply from the day the baby is born.

You apply at the regional Employment office, at the department of the State Social Support (Úřad práce, Státní sociální podpora, Polní 1011/37, tram stop Vojtova) that belongs under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Required documents

Please, note that the required documents may vary according to what your purpose of the visit is (first registration, changes in your current parental benefit). Also, although there is always only one final applicant for a benefit, sometimes both parents need to be assessed and therefore both need to bring the necessary documents.

  • form called Application for parental benefit (Žádost o rodičovský příspěvek) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • form called Supplementary information about the family members for the purpose of providing benefits in the EU (Doplnující údaje o společně posuzovaných osobách pro účely vyplácení dávek v rámci EU) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • in case one of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit, an official confirmation (Potvrzení o nároku na dávku) from the Czech Social Security Administration is needed. A similar confirmation (Potvrzení o denním vyměřovacím základu) is needed in cases when, for example, none of the parents was eligible for maternity benefit but the income23 of one of them during the 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in makes it possible to calculate24 a daily basis of assessment and thus entitles the parent to parental benefit without a fixed maximal limit25 .
  • birth certificate of the youngest child(ren)26
  • valid identity card / passport (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet)
  • valid residence documents (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet). EU citizens should bring their temporary residence certificates if they have them. However, it is not a legal obligation for EU citizens to apply for this document. Those who don´t have it, don´t need it for the purpose of applying for parental benefit either.
  • other27

23. This applies to income earned in the Czech Republic, in an EU country or in a nonEU country with bilateral treaty with the Czech Republic concerning social benefits.

24. For the purpose of calculation an employee needs to bring a document showing their earnings during the above-mentioned 12-month period of time. Either official payslips or a signed and stamped proclamation from the employer will do.

25. For details see the section above explaining calculation of a monthly benefit.

26. In case of birth certificates issued by a foreign authority, a certified translation into Czech (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization) is needed.

27. In rare cases only: a/ lease or an affirmation of your accommodation done by your landlord (= the owner of the flat or house, b/ certified translation into Czech of the marriage certificate (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization)

Also, don't forget to bring...
  • valid work contract and confirmation of current employment (the signature of the employer should not be older than a couple of weeks). (employees only)
    • if at the time of applying for the benefit both parents are officially employed (although the mother is already on a maternity / parental leave), both parents are required to provide such information
    • if only one parent is employed and the other one is involved in the application procedure (e.g. when a mother is the applicant but they use the income of the father to prove the family income), the one not working will be asked to hand in a written proclamation

Usually, this proclamation needs to be written in Czech (only some officials accept English too) and can be hand-written or printed. The content should be similar to ‘I, full name, ID/residence number, rodné číslo, living on address in Brno declare that I have never worked in the Czech Republic. It should also contain a date, full name and signature on the bottom. Sometimes mothers are also asked to add a section about never getting maternity benefit in the Czech Republic, as well.

What is parental benefit?

Parental benefit (rodičovský příspěvek) is the most important social benefit available through the State Social Support. It is an important contribution for parents available on request for both the mother and the father. This allowance is covered by the state social support (státní sociální podpora) and granted to the parent on a parental leave1 (rodičovská dovolená)2 (Article 196 of Labour Code) in order to enable a better care of a child at the maximum age of four or until the total amount of the parental benefit paid reaches the sum of CZK 220,000 on one child or CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.).

1. There are situations (usually during the month when the parent switches from maternity to parental benefit) when parental benefit is used to cover the difference between the full monthly amount of maternity benefit (or any other social benefit such as sickness benefit) and the amount assigned to that month according to the number of calendar days during which the parent is still eligible for the benefit. In case of the maternity / parental benefits the following month is already fully covered by the parental benefit.

2. Parents (both female and male employees) in the Czech Republic have a legal right to be granted parental leave by their employer. This entitlement and its scope are upon their request but only until the child turns three. The parents have a possibility to ask for one extra year of approved absence from work to take care of their child (pracovní volno z důvodů péče o dítě) and the decision is up to their employer. Both men and women are entitled to parental leave – the mother can apply once her maternity leave finishes, the father right after the baby is born. Parental leave does not need to be used at once – between the first and third year of age of the child the mother or the father can return to work and then request parental leave again. The parents can take turns in taking parental leave or they can take it at the same time. When back at work after parental leave, the employees must be offered a position according to their work contract but during the time they spent at home they are not entitled to any wage and this period is seen as a period of absence for annual leave purposes.

Am I eligible?

Foreign parents are entitled to parental benefit if they meet the following conditions3 :

If you are a citizen of a nonEU country it is the length of your residence in the Czech Republic that matters. You need to prove that you have been officially residing in the Czech Republic for longer than 1 year (=365 calendar days) with a long-term residency permit.

In case the child was born in the Czech Republic, it is enough if one of the parents – the applicant – fulfils the above-mentioned condition concerning the length of the stay.

If the child was born outside the Czech Republic, then both the child and at least one of the parents need to fulfil the condition of the length of the stay. All the residence permits need to be valid when applying for the benefit.

Once your eligibility has been established on the basis of residence and employment, there are a few more conditions – equally valid for both Czech and foreign parents – that need to be met. They concern the extent to which the parents on parental leave drawing the state social benefit can take advantage of public nurseries, (specialized) care centres and pre-school establishments. The general rules are as follows:

  • Children younger than two: 46 hours / month
  • Children of disabled parents: no more than 4 hours / day
  • Disabled children: no more than 6 hours / day

In general, the parent is allowed to work and draw parental allowance but, while working4, the parent must make sure that the child will be taken care of by another adult person.

The parent’s income is not tested either at this point yet the previous eligibility for maternity benefit and the monthly amount you were accorded play important roles in the way you will be allowed to draw and regulate your parental benefit.

3. Please, note that assessing eligibility for parental benefit is usually done in person as it requires a very specific approach and tends to vary case to case. In the section ´Entitlement to benefits´ on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs you can read a more precise explanation of the required conditions.

4. Self-employed parents who continue their business are, of course, still obliged to pay their social and health insurance advance payments.

What amount am I entitled to?

As we have already established, parental benefit is an allowance for parents duly caring for their youngest child and it is limited by time (4 years of the child´s age) and / or by a total amount that can be allocated per child (CZK 220,000)7 . If the daily basis of assessment can be determined for both parents, the calculation is based on the higher one.

Once granted, parental benefit can be paid up to 3 months back8 from the date of application. The parent can change this monthly amount every three months.

Changes in the state social benefits

Family benefits (namely parental and child benefits)9 have undergone changes which are valid from January 1, 2018.

As for parental benefit, the changes are overall positive. Thanks to higher monthly limits parents can draw the allocated money quicker. Also, anyone who is granted parental benefit can now change the height of their monthly allowance every three months. Last but not least, parental benefit in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) has been increased by fifty percent.

The new conditions apply to anyone who applies from January 1 2018 onwards. Those parents who are already getting parental benefit can apply for transition into the new system at any point starting January 1, 2018 using a form called Choosing the monthly amount of parental benefit (Volba výše rodičovského příspěvku). In case of parents of multiple children, transition into the new system will not only change the way and speed of drawing the benefit, but it will also increase the overall sum10.

Calculation of a monthly benefit

The maximal height of a monthly parental benefit depends on whether the daily basis of assessment for determination of your maternity benefit11 can be calculated or not. This (im)possibility to assess one’s daily basis is determined by

  • the fact whether the parent was or was not eligible for a maternity benefit
  • the fact whether the parent was economically active and thus contributing towards their sickness insurance12 12 months prior to the month the child was born in

the country/ies13 the parent worked in during the above-mentioned period of time

  • the height of the parent’s income during the above-mentioned period of time

a/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CAN BE ESTABLISHED

If at least one parent was eligible for and therefore drawing maternity benefit or if at least for one of the parents it is possible to calculate a daily basis of assessment14 , the maximal monthly amount can be as high as their (hypothetical) maternity benefit.

PB max = 30 x daily basis x 0.7

b/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED

In case none of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit and the daily basis assessment15 cannot be calculated for any of them either, the maximal monthly amount of parental benefit is clearly set.

PB max = CZK 7,600

Men

If the mother of the child is not eligible for parental benefit, or if she is not happy with the maximal monthly amount based on her previous income and (therefore) sickness insurance contributions, the allowance can be drawn by the father of the child in case he meets all the required conditions.

Multiple children

By nature parental benefit is a social benefit supporting the parent taking care of the child(ren), not the child(dren) themselves. That is why even in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) there is only one benefit. The conditions of eligibility are identical with those concerning parental benefit for one child. However, the maximal possible amount of parental benefit for parents with multiple children is higher – CZK 330,000. Also the formula defining the maximal monthly amount is different:

  • PB max = 30 x daily basis of assessment x 1.5 in case of parents whose daily basis can be assessed
  • PB max = CZK 11,400 in case of parents whose daily basis cannot be assessed

Monthly amount of parental benefit can be changed every three months.

A second child

In case a second child is born while still drawing parental benefit, the parents (mother or father) need to meet the same basic conditions (270 days / 2 years – employees, 270 and 180 / 2 and 1 years – self-employed) as when applying for the first maternity benefit. Except for ‘chain births’ (= the mother starts the second maternity leave before the first child turns three) when the eligibility for the second maternity benefit is based on the same data as the previous one, the two last calendar years preceding the start of the second maternity leave are taken into account. The situations then may vary16 according to the parent´s job situation or type of employment (self-employed, employee etc.) and it is therefore highly recommended to visit the Employment office in person and assess your situation with one of the officials.

In case you (or your spouse / partner due to better work or insurance conditions) are entitled to the second maternity benefit, it, once again, depends on your specific situation how the rest of your parental benefit can be used up in the most efficient way. In case you have enough time, you can increase the monthly amount to its maximum. If it still is not enough to use up as much benefit you are entitled to as possible, you can swop with your partner / husband and draw the rest of the benefit under different (= more convenient) conditions. The rest of the benefit you do not manage to draw before your second maternity benefit starts will be erased and you start with a new parental benefit (= CZK 220,000 credit) with the next child. It is your obligation to announce at the Employment office (State social support department) that you are applying for the next maternity benefit. In case none of the parents is entitled to the second maternity benefit, you will apply for the next parental benefit right after your second child is born.

7. CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.)

8. In case in one of these months parental benefit ´collides´ with maternity benefit (e.g. your maternity benefit finishes on March 15 and you apply for parental benefit on June 1), the amount of parental benefit for that month will be the difference between its full  monthly amount and the amount of maternity benefit for that particular month.

9. The above-mentioned changes also affect other types of social benefits such as parental benefit for parents providing temporary foster care or housing benefit. These, however, are not the subject of this infosheet. You´ll find more information (in Czech only) in the official press release published on the website of the Miinistry of Labour and Social Affairs.

10. If parents of multiple children who are already getting parental benefit wish to change the overall sum from CZK 220,000 to CZK 330,000, they will need to officially reapply for the benefit. This possibility concerns parents who have already used up the whole original sum (CZK 220,000) but whose children have not yet turned four. For the list of documents needed in order to reapply see the section ´Procedure – Required documents´ below.

11. For more information see the section ‘Benefit’ in the previous part ‘Maternity benefit’.

12. Calendar days parents spend on a maternity leave are considered as days with valid sickness insurance – for example for the purpose of assessing the daily basis when applying for parental benefit.

13. If it was the Czech Republic, an EU country or a nonEU country with a bilateral treaty covering social benefits, the parent’s daily basis can be assessed by the local Social insurance office. If it was a nonEU country without a bilateral treaty, it is not possible.

14. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceeding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

15. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

16. Have a look at this very useful overview of various situations that could happen when expecting a second child and re-applying for maternity benefit. In Czech only, unfortunately.

How do I apply?

The procedure of applying for parental benefit is a rather simple one. As for the timing, the mother of the child can apply right after finishing her maternity leave or, in case she is not entitled to maternity benefit, right after her baby is born. The father of the child can apply from the day the baby is born.

You apply at the regional Employment office, at the department of the State Social Support (Úřad práce, Státní sociální podpora, Polní 1011/37, tram stop Vojtova) that belongs under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Required documents

Please, note that the required documents may vary according to what your purpose of the visit is (first registration, changes in your current parental benefit). Also, although there is always only one final applicant for a benefit, sometimes both parents need to be assessed and therefore both need to bring the necessary documents.

  • form called Application for parental benefit (Žádost o rodičovský příspěvek) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • in case one of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit, an official confirmation (Potvrzení o nároku na dávku) from the Czech Social Security Administration is needed. A similar confirmation (Potvrzení o denním vyměřovacím základu) is needed in cases when, for example, none of the parents was eligible for maternity benefit but the income17 of one of them during the 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in makes it possible to calculate18 a daily basis of assessment and thus entitles the parent to parental benefit without a fixed maximal limit19 .
  • birth certificate of the youngest child(ren)20
  • valid identity card / passport (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet)
  • valid residence documents (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet). NonEU citizens are obliged to bring their valid residence permits. It is also highly recommended that they bring an official confirmation of their and their family members’ residencies including visa stays (Potvrzení o pobytu včetně vízových pobytů)21 issued by the local Immigration office (MOI)
  • other22

17. This applies to income earned in the Czech Republic, in an EU country or in a nonEU country with bilateral treaty with the Czech Republic concerning social benefits.

18. For the purpose of calculation an employee needs to bring a document showing their earnings during the above-mentioned 12-month period of time. Either official payslips or a signed and stamped proclamation from the employer will do.

19. For details see the section above explaining calculation of a monthly benefit.

20. In case of birth certificates issued by a foreign authority, a certified translation into Czech (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization) is needed.

21. Issuing this document can take up to 30 days. The fee is CZK 15/document.

22. In rare cases only: a/ lease or a affirmation of your accommodation done by your landlord (= the owner of the flat or house, b/ certified translation into Czech of the marriage certificate (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization)

Also, don't forget to bring...
  • valid work contract and confirmation of current employment (the signature of the employer should not be older than a couple of weeks). (employees only)
    • if at the time of applying for the benefit both parents are officially employed (although the mother is already on a maternity / parental leave), both parents are required to provide such information
    • if only one parent is employed and the other one is involved in the application procedure (e.g. when a mother is the applicant but they use the income of the father to prove the family income), the one not working will be asked to hand in a written proclamation

Usually, this proclamation needs to be written in Czech (only some officials accept English too) and can be hand-written or printed. The content should be similar to ‘I, full name, ID/residence number, rodné číslo, living on address in Brno declare that I have never worked in the Czech Republic. It should also contain a date, full name and signature on the bottom. Sometimes mothers are also asked to add a section about never getting maternity benefit in the Czech Republic, as well.

What is parental benefit?

Parental benefit (rodičovský příspěvek) is the most important social benefit available through the State Social Support. It is an important contribution for parents available on request for both the mother and the father. This allowance is covered by the state social support (státní sociální podpora) and granted to the parent on a parental leave1 (rodičovská dovolená)2 (Article 196 of Labour Code) in order to enable a better care of a child at the maximum age of four or until the total amount of the parental benefit paid reaches the sum of CZK 220,000 on one child or CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.).

1. There are situations (usually during the month when the parent switches from maternity to parental benefit) when parental benefit is used to cover the difference between the full monthly amount of maternity benefit (or any other social benefit such as sickness benefit) and the amount assigned to that month according to the number of calendar days during which the parent is still eligible for the benefit. In case of the maternity / parental benefits the following month is already fully covered by the parental benefit.

2. Parents (both female and male employees) in the Czech Republic have a legal right to be granted parental leave by their employer. This entitlement and its scope are upon their request but only until the child turns three. The parents have a possibility to ask for one extra year of approved absence from work to take care of their child (pracovní volno z důvodů péče o dítě) and the decision is up to their employer. Both men and women are entitled to parental leave – the mother can apply once her maternity leave finishes, the father right after the baby is born. Parental leave does not need to be used at once – between the first and third year of age of the child the mother or the father can return to work and then request parental leave again. The parents can take turns in taking parental leave or they can take it at the same time. When back at work after parental leave, the employees must be offered a position according to their work contract but during the time they spent at home they are not entitled to any wage and this period is seen as a period of absence for annual leave purposes.

Am I eligible?

Foreign parents are entitled to parental benefit if they meet the following conditions5 :

If you are an EU citizen, your eligibility to the parental benefit in the Czech Republic depends on the place of your economic activity and / or your residence.

  • If both (or at least one) parents are economically active and reside in the Czech Republic, you are entitled to the parental benefit.
  • If both (or at least one) parents are economically active in two EU countries, it is the residence that matters and determines in which country they are eligible for the benefit.
  • Your employment status matters in some situations as well as – when considering eligibility for parental benefit in the Czech Republic – employment abroad has a higher value than self-employment here.

Once your eligibility has been established on the basis of residence and employment, there are a few more conditions – equally valid for both Czech and foreign parents – that need to be met. They concern the extent to which the parents on parental leave drawing the state social benefit can take advantage of public nurseries, (specialized) care centres and pre-school establishments. The general rules are as follows:

  • Children younger than two: 46 hours / month
  • Children of disabled parents: no more than 4 hours / day
  • Disabled children: no more than 6 hours / day

In general, the parent is allowed to work and draw parental allowance but, while working6, the parent must make sure that the child will be taken care of by another adult person.

The parent’s income is not tested either at this point yet the previous eligibility for maternity benefit and the monthly amount you were accorded play important roles in the way you will be allowed to draw and regulate your parental benefit.

5. Please, note that assessing eligibility for parental benefit is usually done in person as it requires a very specific approach and tends to vary case to case. In the section ´Entitlement to benefits´ on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs you can read a more precise explanation of the required conditions.

6. Self-employed parents who continue their business are, of course, still obliged to pay their social and health insurance advance payments.

What amount am I entitled to?

As we have already established, parental benefit is an allowance for parents duly caring for their youngest child and it is limited by time (4 years of the child´s age) and / or by a total amount that can be allocated per child (CZK 220,000)7 . If the daily basis of assessment can be determined for both parents, the calculation is based on the higher one.

Once granted, parental benefit can be paid up to 3 months back8 from the date of application. The parent can change this monthly amount every three months.

Changes in the state social benefits

Family benefits (namely parental and child benefits)9 have undergone changes which are valid from January 1, 2018.

As for parental benefit, the changes are overall positive. Thanks to higher monthly limits parents can draw the allocated money quicker. Also, anyone who is granted parental benefit can now change the height of their monthly allowance every three months. Last but not least, parental benefit in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) has been increased by fifty percent.

The new conditions apply to anyone who applies from January 1 2018 onwards. Those parents who are already getting parental benefit can apply for transition into the new system at any point starting January 1, 2018 using a form called Choosing the monthly amount of parental benefit (Volba výše rodičovského příspěvku). In case of parents of multiple children, transition into the new system will not only change the way and speed of drawing the benefit, but it will also increase the overall sum10.

Calculation of a monthly benefit

The maximal height of a monthly parental benefit depends on whether the daily basis of assessment for determination of your maternity benefit11 can be calculated or not. This (im)possibility to assess one’s daily basis is determined by

  • the fact whether the parent was or was not eligible for a maternity benefit
  • the fact whether the parent was economically active and thus contributing towards their sickness insurance12 12 months prior to the month the child was born in

the country/ies13 the parent worked in during the above-mentioned period of time

  • the height of the parent’s income during the above-mentioned period of time

a/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CAN BE ESTABLISHED

If at least one parent was eligible for and therefore drawing maternity benefit or if at least for one of the parents it is possible to calculate a daily basis of assessment14 , the maximal monthly amount can be as high as their (hypothetical) maternity benefit.

PB max = 30 x daily basis x 0.7

b/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED

In case none of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit and the daily basis assessment15 cannot be calculated for any of them either, the maximal monthly amount of parental benefit is clearly set.

PB max = CZK 7,600

Men

If the mother of the child is not eligible for parental benefit, or if she is not happy with the maximal monthly amount based on her previous income and (therefore) sickness insurance contributions, the allowance can be drawn by the father of the child in case he meets all the required conditions.

Multiple children

By nature parental benefit is a social benefit supporting the parent taking care of the child(ren), not the child(dren) themselves. That is why even in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) there is only one benefit. The conditions of eligibility are identical with those concerning parental benefit for one child. However, the maximal possible amount of parental benefit for parents with multiple children is higher – CZK 330,000. Also the formula defining the maximal monthly amount is different:

  • PB max = 30 x daily basis of assessment x 1.5 in case of parents whose daily basis can be assessed
  • PB max = CZK 11,400 in case of parents whose daily basis cannot be assessed

Monthly amount of parental benefit can be changed every three months.

A second child

In case a second child is born while still drawing parental benefit, the parents (mother or father) need to meet the same basic conditions (270 days / 2 years – employees, 270 and 180 / 2 and 1 years – self-employed) as when applying for the first maternity benefit. Except for ‘chain births’ (= the mother starts the second maternity leave before the first child turns three) when the eligibility for the second maternity benefit is based on the same data as the previous one, the two last calendar years preceding the start of the second maternity leave are taken into account. The situations then may vary16 according to the parent´s job situation or type of employment (self-employed, employee etc.) and it is therefore highly recommended to visit the Employment office in person and assess your situation with one of the officials.

In case you (or your spouse / partner due to better work or insurance conditions) are entitled to the second maternity benefit, it, once again, depends on your specific situation how the rest of your parental benefit can be used up in the most efficient way. In case you have enough time, you can increase the monthly amount to its maximum. If it still is not enough to use up as much benefit you are entitled to as possible, you can swop with your partner / husband and draw the rest of the benefit under different (= more convenient) conditions. The rest of the benefit you do not manage to draw before your second maternity benefit starts will be erased and you start with a new parental benefit (= CZK 220,000 credit) with the next child. It is your obligation to announce at the Employment office (State social support department) that you are applying for the next maternity benefit. In case none of the parents is entitled to the second maternity benefit, you will apply for the next parental benefit right after your second child is born.

7. CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.)

8. In case in one of these months parental benefit ´collides´ with maternity benefit (e.g. your maternity benefit finishes on March 15 and you apply for parental benefit on June 1), the amount of parental benefit for that month will be the difference between its full  monthly amount and the amount of maternity benefit for that particular month.

9. The above-mentioned changes also affect other types of social benefits such as parental benefit for parents providing temporary foster care or housing benefit. These, however, are not the subject of this infosheet. You´ll find more information (in Czech only) in the official press release published on the website of the Miinistry of Labour and Social Affairs.

10. If parents of multiple children who are already getting parental benefit wish to change the overall sum from CZK 220,000 to CZK 330,000, they will need to officially reapply for the benefit. This possibility concerns parents who have already used up the whole original sum (CZK 220,000) but whose children have not yet turned four. For the list of documents needed in order to reapply see the section ´Procedure – Required documents´ below.

11. For more information see the section ‘Benefit’ in the previous part ‘Maternity benefit’.

12. Calendar days parents spend on a maternity leave are considered as days with valid sickness insurance – for example for the purpose of assessing the daily basis when applying for parental benefit.

13. If it was the Czech Republic, an EU country or a nonEU country with a bilateral treaty covering social benefits, the parent’s daily basis can be assessed by the local Social insurance office. If it was a nonEU country without a bilateral treaty, it is not possible.

14. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceeding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

15. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

16. Have a look at this very useful overview of various situations that could happen when expecting a second child and re-applying for maternity benefit. In Czech only, unfortunately.

How do I apply?

The procedure of applying for parental benefit is a rather simple one. As for the timing, the mother of the child can apply right after finishing her maternity leave or, in case she is not entitled to maternity benefit, right after her baby is born. The father of the child can apply from the day the baby is born.

You apply at the regional Employment office, at the department of the State Social Support (Úřad práce, Státní sociální podpora, Polní 1011/37, tram stop Vojtova) that belongs under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Required documents

Please, note that the required documents may vary according to what your purpose of the visit is (first registration, changes in your current parental benefit). Also, although there is always only one final applicant for a benefit, sometimes both parents need to be assessed and therefore both need to bring the necessary documents.

  • form called Application for parental benefit (Žádost o rodičovský příspěvek) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • form called Supplementary information about the family members for the purpose of providing benefits in the EU (Doplnující údaje o společně posuzovaných osobách pro účely vyplácení dávek v rámci EU) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • in case one of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit, an official confirmation (Potvrzení o nároku na dávku) from the Czech Social Security Administration is needed. A similar confirmation (Potvrzení o denním vyměřovacím základu) is needed in cases when, for example, none of the parents was eligible for maternity benefit but the income23 of one of them during the 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in makes it possible to calculate24 a daily basis of assessment and thus entitles the parent to parental benefit without a fixed maximal limit25 .
  • birth certificate of the youngest child(ren)26
  • valid identity card / passport (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet)
  • valid residence documents (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet). EU citizens should bring their temporary residence certificates if they have them. However, it is not a legal obligation for EU citizens to apply for this document. Those who don´t have it, don´t need it for the purpose of applying for parental benefit either.
  • other27

23. This applies to income earned in the Czech Republic, in an EU country or in a nonEU country with bilateral treaty with the Czech Republic concerning social benefits.

24. For the purpose of calculation an employee needs to bring a document showing their earnings during the above-mentioned 12-month period of time. Either official payslips or a signed and stamped proclamation from the employer will do.

25. For details see the section above explaining calculation of a monthly benefit.

26. In case of birth certificates issued by a foreign authority, a certified translation into Czech (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization) is needed.

27. In rare cases only: a/ lease or an affirmation of your accommodation done by your landlord (= the owner of the flat or house, b/ certified translation into Czech of the marriage certificate (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization)

Also, don't forget to bring...
  • trade license and the most recent tax overview, if you already have one
    • if only one parent is self-employed and the other one is involved in the application procedure (e.g. when a self-employed mother is the applicant but they use the income of the father to prove the family income or the father is unemployed), the parent who is not working will be asked to hand in a written proclamation28 . The employed one will be asked to provide a valid work contract and confirmation of current employment (the signature of the employer should not be older than a couple of weeks).

28. Usually, this proclamation needs to be written in Czech (only some officials accept English too) and can be hand-written or printed. The content should be similar to ‘I, full name, ID/residence number, rodné číslo, living on address in Brno declare that I have never worked in the Czech Republic. It should also contain a date, full name and signature on the bottom. Sometimes mothers are also asked to add a section about never getting maternity benefit in the Czech Republic, as well.

What is parental benefit?

Parental benefit (rodičovský příspěvek) is the most important social benefit available through the State Social Support. It is an important contribution for parents available on request for both the mother and the father. This allowance is covered by the state social support (státní sociální podpora) and granted to the parent on a parental leave1 (rodičovská dovolená)2 (Article 196 of Labour Code) in order to enable a better care of a child at the maximum age of four or until the total amount of the parental benefit paid reaches the sum of CZK 220,000 on one child or CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.).

1. There are situations (usually during the month when the parent switches from maternity to parental benefit) when parental benefit is used to cover the difference between the full monthly amount of maternity benefit (or any other social benefit such as sickness benefit) and the amount assigned to that month according to the number of calendar days during which the parent is still eligible for the benefit. In case of the maternity / parental benefits the following month is already fully covered by the parental benefit.

2. Parents (both female and male employees) in the Czech Republic have a legal right to be granted parental leave by their employer. This entitlement and its scope are upon their request but only until the child turns three. The parents have a possibility to ask for one extra year of approved absence from work to take care of their child (pracovní volno z důvodů péče o dítě) and the decision is up to their employer. Both men and women are entitled to parental leave – the mother can apply once her maternity leave finishes, the father right after the baby is born. Parental leave does not need to be used at once – between the first and third year of age of the child the mother or the father can return to work and then request parental leave again. The parents can take turns in taking parental leave or they can take it at the same time. When back at work after parental leave, the employees must be offered a position according to their work contract but during the time they spent at home they are not entitled to any wage and this period is seen as a period of absence for annual leave purposes.

Am I eligible?

Foreign parents are entitled to parental benefit if they meet the following conditions3 :

If you are a citizen of a nonEU country it is the length of your residence in the Czech Republic that matters. You need to prove that you have been officially residing in the Czech Republic for longer than 1 year (=365 calendar days) with a long-term residency permit.

In case the child was born in the Czech Republic, it is enough if one of the parents – the applicant – fulfils the above-mentioned condition concerning the length of the stay.

If the child was born outside the Czech Republic, then both the child and at least one of the parents need to fulfil the condition of the length of the stay. All the residence permits need to be valid when applying for the benefit.

Once your eligibility has been established on the basis of residence and employment, there are a few more conditions – equally valid for both Czech and foreign parents – that need to be met. They concern the extent to which the parents on parental leave drawing the state social benefit can take advantage of public nurseries, (specialized) care centres and pre-school establishments. The general rules are as follows:

  • Children younger than two: 46 hours / month
  • Children of disabled parents: no more than 4 hours / day
  • Disabled children: no more than 6 hours / day

In general, the parent is allowed to work and draw parental allowance but, while working4, the parent must make sure that the child will be taken care of by another adult person.

The parent’s income is not tested either at this point yet the previous eligibility for maternity benefit and the monthly amount you were accorded play important roles in the way you will be allowed to draw and regulate your parental benefit.

3. Please, note that assessing eligibility for parental benefit is usually done in person as it requires a very specific approach and tends to vary case to case. In the section ´Entitlement to benefits´ on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs you can read a more precise explanation of the required conditions.

4. Self-employed parents who continue their business are, of course, still obliged to pay their social and health insurance advance payments.

What amount am I entitled to?

As we have already established, parental benefit is an allowance for parents duly caring for their youngest child and it is limited by time (4 years of the child´s age) and / or by a total amount that can be allocated per child (CZK 220,000)7 . If the daily basis of assessment can be determined for both parents, the calculation is based on the higher one.

Once granted, parental benefit can be paid up to 3 months back8 from the date of application. The parent can change this monthly amount every three months.

Changes in the state social benefits

Family benefits (namely parental and child benefits)9 have undergone changes which are valid from January 1, 2018.

As for parental benefit, the changes are overall positive. Thanks to higher monthly limits parents can draw the allocated money quicker. Also, anyone who is granted parental benefit can now change the height of their monthly allowance every three months. Last but not least, parental benefit in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) has been increased by fifty percent.

The new conditions apply to anyone who applies from January 1 2018 onwards. Those parents who are already getting parental benefit can apply for transition into the new system at any point starting January 1, 2018 using a form called Choosing the monthly amount of parental benefit (Volba výše rodičovského příspěvku). In case of parents of multiple children, transition into the new system will not only change the way and speed of drawing the benefit, but it will also increase the overall sum10.

Calculation of a monthly benefit

The maximal height of a monthly parental benefit depends on whether the daily basis of assessment for determination of your maternity benefit11 can be calculated or not. This (im)possibility to assess one’s daily basis is determined by

  • the fact whether the parent was or was not eligible for a maternity benefit
  • the fact whether the parent was economically active and thus contributing towards their sickness insurance12 12 months prior to the month the child was born in

the country/ies13 the parent worked in during the above-mentioned period of time

  • the height of the parent’s income during the above-mentioned period of time

a/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CAN BE ESTABLISHED

If at least one parent was eligible for and therefore drawing maternity benefit or if at least for one of the parents it is possible to calculate a daily basis of assessment14 , the maximal monthly amount can be as high as their (hypothetical) maternity benefit.

PB max = 30 x daily basis x 0.7

b/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED

In case none of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit and the daily basis assessment15 cannot be calculated for any of them either, the maximal monthly amount of parental benefit is clearly set.

PB max = CZK 7,600

Men

If the mother of the child is not eligible for parental benefit, or if she is not happy with the maximal monthly amount based on her previous income and (therefore) sickness insurance contributions, the allowance can be drawn by the father of the child in case he meets all the required conditions.

Multiple children

By nature parental benefit is a social benefit supporting the parent taking care of the child(ren), not the child(dren) themselves. That is why even in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) there is only one benefit. The conditions of eligibility are identical with those concerning parental benefit for one child. However, the maximal possible amount of parental benefit for parents with multiple children is higher – CZK 330,000. Also the formula defining the maximal monthly amount is different:

  • PB max = 30 x daily basis of assessment x 1.5 in case of parents whose daily basis can be assessed
  • PB max = CZK 11,400 in case of parents whose daily basis cannot be assessed

Monthly amount of parental benefit can be changed every three months.

A second child

In case a second child is born while still drawing parental benefit, the parents (mother or father) need to meet the same basic conditions (270 days / 2 years – employees, 270 and 180 / 2 and 1 years – self-employed) as when applying for the first maternity benefit. Except for ‘chain births’ (= the mother starts the second maternity leave before the first child turns three) when the eligibility for the second maternity benefit is based on the same data as the previous one, the two last calendar years preceding the start of the second maternity leave are taken into account. The situations then may vary16 according to the parent´s job situation or type of employment (self-employed, employee etc.) and it is therefore highly recommended to visit the Employment office in person and assess your situation with one of the officials.

In case you (or your spouse / partner due to better work or insurance conditions) are entitled to the second maternity benefit, it, once again, depends on your specific situation how the rest of your parental benefit can be used up in the most efficient way. In case you have enough time, you can increase the monthly amount to its maximum. If it still is not enough to use up as much benefit you are entitled to as possible, you can swop with your partner / husband and draw the rest of the benefit under different (= more convenient) conditions. The rest of the benefit you do not manage to draw before your second maternity benefit starts will be erased and you start with a new parental benefit (= CZK 220,000 credit) with the next child. It is your obligation to announce at the Employment office (State social support department) that you are applying for the next maternity benefit. In case none of the parents is entitled to the second maternity benefit, you will apply for the next parental benefit right after your second child is born.

7. CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.)

8. In case in one of these months parental benefit ´collides´ with maternity benefit (e.g. your maternity benefit finishes on March 15 and you apply for parental benefit on June 1), the amount of parental benefit for that month will be the difference between its full  monthly amount and the amount of maternity benefit for that particular month.

9. The above-mentioned changes also affect other types of social benefits such as parental benefit for parents providing temporary foster care or housing benefit. These, however, are not the subject of this infosheet. You´ll find more information (in Czech only) in the official press release published on the website of the Miinistry of Labour and Social Affairs.

10. If parents of multiple children who are already getting parental benefit wish to change the overall sum from CZK 220,000 to CZK 330,000, they will need to officially reapply for the benefit. This possibility concerns parents who have already used up the whole original sum (CZK 220,000) but whose children have not yet turned four. For the list of documents needed in order to reapply see the section ´Procedure – Required documents´ below.

11. For more information see the section ‘Benefit’ in the previous part ‘Maternity benefit’.

12. Calendar days parents spend on a maternity leave are considered as days with valid sickness insurance – for example for the purpose of assessing the daily basis when applying for parental benefit.

13. If it was the Czech Republic, an EU country or a nonEU country with a bilateral treaty covering social benefits, the parent’s daily basis can be assessed by the local Social insurance office. If it was a nonEU country without a bilateral treaty, it is not possible.

14. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceeding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

15. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

16. Have a look at this very useful overview of various situations that could happen when expecting a second child and re-applying for maternity benefit. In Czech only, unfortunately.

How do I apply?

The procedure of applying for parental benefit is a rather simple one. As for the timing, the mother of the child can apply right after finishing her maternity leave or, in case she is not entitled to maternity benefit, right after her baby is born. The father of the child can apply from the day the baby is born.

You apply at the regional Employment office, at the department of the State Social Support (Úřad práce, Státní sociální podpora, Polní 1011/37, tram stop Vojtova) that belongs under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Required documents

Please, note that the required documents may vary according to what your purpose of the visit is (first registration, changes in your current parental benefit). Also, although there is always only one final applicant for a benefit, sometimes both parents need to be assessed and therefore both need to bring the necessary documents.

  • form called Application for parental benefit (Žádost o rodičovský příspěvek) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • in case one of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit, an official confirmation (Potvrzení o nároku na dávku) from the Czech Social Security Administration is needed. A similar confirmation (Potvrzení o denním vyměřovacím základu) is needed in cases when, for example, none of the parents was eligible for maternity benefit but the income17 of one of them during the 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in makes it possible to calculate18 a daily basis of assessment and thus entitles the parent to parental benefit without a fixed maximal limit19 .
  • birth certificate of the youngest child(ren)20
  • valid identity card / passport (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet)
  • valid residence documents (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet). NonEU citizens are obliged to bring their valid residence permits. It is also highly recommended that they bring an official confirmation of their and their family members’ residencies including visa stays (Potvrzení o pobytu včetně vízových pobytů)21 issued by the local Immigration office (MOI)
  • other22

17. This applies to income earned in the Czech Republic, in an EU country or in a nonEU country with bilateral treaty with the Czech Republic concerning social benefits.

18. For the purpose of calculation an employee needs to bring a document showing their earnings during the above-mentioned 12-month period of time. Either official payslips or a signed and stamped proclamation from the employer will do.

19. For details see the section above explaining calculation of a monthly benefit.

20. In case of birth certificates issued by a foreign authority, a certified translation into Czech (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization) is needed.

21. Issuing this document can take up to 30 days. The fee is CZK 15/document.

22. In rare cases only: a/ lease or a affirmation of your accommodation done by your landlord (= the owner of the flat or house, b/ certified translation into Czech of the marriage certificate (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization)

Also, don't forget to bring...
  • trade license and the most recent tax overview, if you already have one
    • if only one parent is self-employed and the other one is involved in the application procedure (e.g. when a self-employed mother is the applicant but they use the income of the father to prove the family income or the father is unemployed), the parent who is not working will be asked to hand in a written proclamation28 . The employed one will be asked to provide a valid work contract and confirmation of current employment (the signature of the employer should not be older than a couple of weeks).

28. Usually, this proclamation needs to be written in Czech (only some officials accept English too) and can be hand-written or printed. The content should be similar to ‘I, full name, ID/residence number, rodné číslo, living on address in Brno declare that I have never worked in the Czech Republic. It should also contain a date, full name and signature on the bottom. Sometimes mothers are also asked to add a section about never getting maternity benefit in the Czech Republic, as well.

What is parental benefit?

Parental benefit (rodičovský příspěvek) is the most important social benefit available through the State Social Support. It is an important contribution for parents available on request for both the mother and the father. This allowance is covered by the state social support (státní sociální podpora) and granted to the parent on a parental leave1 (rodičovská dovolená)2 (Article 196 of Labour Code) in order to enable a better care of a child at the maximum age of four or until the total amount of the parental benefit paid reaches the sum of CZK 220,000 on one child or CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.).

1. There are situations (usually during the month when the parent switches from maternity to parental benefit) when parental benefit is used to cover the difference between the full monthly amount of maternity benefit (or any other social benefit such as sickness benefit) and the amount assigned to that month according to the number of calendar days during which the parent is still eligible for the benefit. In case of the maternity / parental benefits the following month is already fully covered by the parental benefit.

2. Parents (both female and male employees) in the Czech Republic have a legal right to be granted parental leave by their employer. This entitlement and its scope are upon their request but only until the child turns three. The parents have a possibility to ask for one extra year of approved absence from work to take care of their child (pracovní volno z důvodů péče o dítě) and the decision is up to their employer. Both men and women are entitled to parental leave – the mother can apply once her maternity leave finishes, the father right after the baby is born. Parental leave does not need to be used at once – between the first and third year of age of the child the mother or the father can return to work and then request parental leave again. The parents can take turns in taking parental leave or they can take it at the same time. When back at work after parental leave, the employees must be offered a position according to their work contract but during the time they spent at home they are not entitled to any wage and this period is seen as a period of absence for annual leave purposes.

Am I eligible?

Foreign parents are entitled to parental benefit if they meet the following conditions5 :

If you are an EU citizen, your eligibility to the parental benefit in the Czech Republic depends on the place of your economic activity and / or your residence.

  • If both (or at least one) parents are economically active and reside in the Czech Republic, you are entitled to the parental benefit.
  • If both (or at least one) parents are economically active in two EU countries, it is the residence that matters and determines in which country they are eligible for the benefit.
  • Your employment status matters in some situations as well as – when considering eligibility for parental benefit in the Czech Republic – employment abroad has a higher value than self-employment here.

Once your eligibility has been established on the basis of residence and employment, there are a few more conditions – equally valid for both Czech and foreign parents – that need to be met. They concern the extent to which the parents on parental leave drawing the state social benefit can take advantage of public nurseries, (specialized) care centres and pre-school establishments. The general rules are as follows:

  • Children younger than two: 46 hours / month
  • Children of disabled parents: no more than 4 hours / day
  • Disabled children: no more than 6 hours / day

In general, the parent is allowed to work and draw parental allowance but, while working6, the parent must make sure that the child will be taken care of by another adult person.

The parent’s income is not tested either at this point yet the previous eligibility for maternity benefit and the monthly amount you were accorded play important roles in the way you will be allowed to draw and regulate your parental benefit.

5. Please, note that assessing eligibility for parental benefit is usually done in person as it requires a very specific approach and tends to vary case to case. In the section ´Entitlement to benefits´ on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs you can read a more precise explanation of the required conditions.

6. Self-employed parents who continue their business are, of course, still obliged to pay their social and health insurance advance payments.

What amount am I entitled to?

As we have already established, parental benefit is an allowance for parents duly caring for their youngest child and it is limited by time (4 years of the child´s age) and / or by a total amount that can be allocated per child (CZK 220,000)7 . If the daily basis of assessment can be determined for both parents, the calculation is based on the higher one.

Once granted, parental benefit can be paid up to 3 months back8 from the date of application. The parent can change this monthly amount every three months.

Changes in the state social benefits

Family benefits (namely parental and child benefits)9 have undergone changes which are valid from January 1, 2018.

As for parental benefit, the changes are overall positive. Thanks to higher monthly limits parents can draw the allocated money quicker. Also, anyone who is granted parental benefit can now change the height of their monthly allowance every three months. Last but not least, parental benefit in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) has been increased by fifty percent.

The new conditions apply to anyone who applies from January 1 2018 onwards. Those parents who are already getting parental benefit can apply for transition into the new system at any point starting January 1, 2018 using a form called Choosing the monthly amount of parental benefit (Volba výše rodičovského příspěvku). In case of parents of multiple children, transition into the new system will not only change the way and speed of drawing the benefit, but it will also increase the overall sum10.

Calculation of a monthly benefit

The maximal height of a monthly parental benefit depends on whether the daily basis of assessment for determination of your maternity benefit11 can be calculated or not. This (im)possibility to assess one’s daily basis is determined by

  • the fact whether the parent was or was not eligible for a maternity benefit
  • the fact whether the parent was economically active and thus contributing towards their sickness insurance12 12 months prior to the month the child was born in

the country/ies13 the parent worked in during the above-mentioned period of time

  • the height of the parent’s income during the above-mentioned period of time

a/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CAN BE ESTABLISHED

If at least one parent was eligible for and therefore drawing maternity benefit or if at least for one of the parents it is possible to calculate a daily basis of assessment14 , the maximal monthly amount can be as high as their (hypothetical) maternity benefit.

PB max = 30 x daily basis x 0.7

b/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED

In case none of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit and the daily basis assessment15 cannot be calculated for any of them either, the maximal monthly amount of parental benefit is clearly set.

PB max = CZK 7,600

Men

If the mother of the child is not eligible for parental benefit, or if she is not happy with the maximal monthly amount based on her previous income and (therefore) sickness insurance contributions, the allowance can be drawn by the father of the child in case he meets all the required conditions.

Multiple children

By nature parental benefit is a social benefit supporting the parent taking care of the child(ren), not the child(dren) themselves. That is why even in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) there is only one benefit. The conditions of eligibility are identical with those concerning parental benefit for one child. However, the maximal possible amount of parental benefit for parents with multiple children is higher – CZK 330,000. Also the formula defining the maximal monthly amount is different:

  • PB max = 30 x daily basis of assessment x 1.5 in case of parents whose daily basis can be assessed
  • PB max = CZK 11,400 in case of parents whose daily basis cannot be assessed

Monthly amount of parental benefit can be changed every three months.

A second child

In case a second child is born while still drawing parental benefit, the parents (mother or father) need to meet the same basic conditions (270 days / 2 years – employees, 270 and 180 / 2 and 1 years – self-employed) as when applying for the first maternity benefit. Except for ‘chain births’ (= the mother starts the second maternity leave before the first child turns three) when the eligibility for the second maternity benefit is based on the same data as the previous one, the two last calendar years preceding the start of the second maternity leave are taken into account. The situations then may vary16 according to the parent´s job situation or type of employment (self-employed, employee etc.) and it is therefore highly recommended to visit the Employment office in person and assess your situation with one of the officials.

In case you (or your spouse / partner due to better work or insurance conditions) are entitled to the second maternity benefit, it, once again, depends on your specific situation how the rest of your parental benefit can be used up in the most efficient way. In case you have enough time, you can increase the monthly amount to its maximum. If it still is not enough to use up as much benefit you are entitled to as possible, you can swop with your partner / husband and draw the rest of the benefit under different (= more convenient) conditions. The rest of the benefit you do not manage to draw before your second maternity benefit starts will be erased and you start with a new parental benefit (= CZK 220,000 credit) with the next child. It is your obligation to announce at the Employment office (State social support department) that you are applying for the next maternity benefit. In case none of the parents is entitled to the second maternity benefit, you will apply for the next parental benefit right after your second child is born.

7. CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.)

8. In case in one of these months parental benefit ´collides´ with maternity benefit (e.g. your maternity benefit finishes on March 15 and you apply for parental benefit on June 1), the amount of parental benefit for that month will be the difference between its full  monthly amount and the amount of maternity benefit for that particular month.

9. The above-mentioned changes also affect other types of social benefits such as parental benefit for parents providing temporary foster care or housing benefit. These, however, are not the subject of this infosheet. You´ll find more information (in Czech only) in the official press release published on the website of the Miinistry of Labour and Social Affairs.

10. If parents of multiple children who are already getting parental benefit wish to change the overall sum from CZK 220,000 to CZK 330,000, they will need to officially reapply for the benefit. This possibility concerns parents who have already used up the whole original sum (CZK 220,000) but whose children have not yet turned four. For the list of documents needed in order to reapply see the section ´Procedure – Required documents´ below.

11. For more information see the section ‘Benefit’ in the previous part ‘Maternity benefit’.

12. Calendar days parents spend on a maternity leave are considered as days with valid sickness insurance – for example for the purpose of assessing the daily basis when applying for parental benefit.

13. If it was the Czech Republic, an EU country or a nonEU country with a bilateral treaty covering social benefits, the parent’s daily basis can be assessed by the local Social insurance office. If it was a nonEU country without a bilateral treaty, it is not possible.

14. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceeding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

15. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

16. Have a look at this very useful overview of various situations that could happen when expecting a second child and re-applying for maternity benefit. In Czech only, unfortunately.

How do I apply?

The procedure of applying for parental benefit is a rather simple one. As for the timing, the mother of the child can apply right after finishing her maternity leave or, in case she is not entitled to maternity benefit, right after her baby is born. The father of the child can apply from the day the baby is born.

You apply at the regional Employment office, at the department of the State Social Support (Úřad práce, Státní sociální podpora, Polní 1011/37, tram stop Vojtova) that belongs under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Required documents

Please, note that the required documents may vary according to what your purpose of the visit is (first registration, changes in your current parental benefit). Also, although there is always only one final applicant for a benefit, sometimes both parents need to be assessed and therefore both need to bring the necessary documents.

  • form called Application for parental benefit (Žádost o rodičovský příspěvek) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • form called Supplementary information about the family members for the purpose of providing benefits in the EU (Doplnující údaje o společně posuzovaných osobách pro účely vyplácení dávek v rámci EU) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • in case one of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit, an official confirmation (Potvrzení o nároku na dávku) from the Czech Social Security Administration is needed. A similar confirmation (Potvrzení o denním vyměřovacím základu) is needed in cases when, for example, none of the parents was eligible for maternity benefit but the income23 of one of them during the 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in makes it possible to calculate24 a daily basis of assessment and thus entitles the parent to parental benefit without a fixed maximal limit25 .
  • birth certificate of the youngest child(ren)26
  • valid identity card / passport (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet)
  • valid residence documents (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet). EU citizens should bring their temporary residence certificates if they have them. However, it is not a legal obligation for EU citizens to apply for this document. Those who don´t have it, don´t need it for the purpose of applying for parental benefit either.
  • other27

23. This applies to income earned in the Czech Republic, in an EU country or in a nonEU country with bilateral treaty with the Czech Republic concerning social benefits.

24. For the purpose of calculation an employee needs to bring a document showing their earnings during the above-mentioned 12-month period of time. Either official payslips or a signed and stamped proclamation from the employer will do.

25. For details see the section above explaining calculation of a monthly benefit.

26. In case of birth certificates issued by a foreign authority, a certified translation into Czech (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization) is needed.

27. In rare cases only: a/ lease or an affirmation of your accommodation done by your landlord (= the owner of the flat or house, b/ certified translation into Czech of the marriage certificate (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization)

Also, don't forget to bring...
  • written proclamation
    • if only one parent is unemployed and the other one is involved in the application procedure (e.g. when a mother is the applicant but they use the income of the father to prove the family income), the parent who is not working will be asked to hand in a written proclamation29 . The employed one will be asked to provide a valid work contract and confirmation of current employment (the signature of the employer should not be older than a couple of weeks), the self-employed one will need to bring their trade license and the most recent tax overview, if they already have one.
  • if none of the parents are (self-)employed, probably both will be asked to do such proclamations

29. Usually, this proclamation needs to be written in Czech (only some officials accept English too) and can be hand-written or printed. The content should be similar to ‘I, full name, ID/residence number, rodné číslo, living on address in Brno declare that I have never worked in the Czech Republic. It should also contain a date, full name and signature on the bottom. Sometimes mothers are also asked to add a section about never getting maternity benefit in the Czech Republic, as well.

What is parental benefit?

Parental benefit (rodičovský příspěvek) is the most important social benefit available through the State Social Support. It is an important contribution for parents available on request for both the mother and the father. This allowance is covered by the state social support (státní sociální podpora) and granted to the parent on a parental leave1 (rodičovská dovolená)2 (Article 196 of Labour Code) in order to enable a better care of a child at the maximum age of four or until the total amount of the parental benefit paid reaches the sum of CZK 220,000 on one child or CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.).

1. There are situations (usually during the month when the parent switches from maternity to parental benefit) when parental benefit is used to cover the difference between the full monthly amount of maternity benefit (or any other social benefit such as sickness benefit) and the amount assigned to that month according to the number of calendar days during which the parent is still eligible for the benefit. In case of the maternity / parental benefits the following month is already fully covered by the parental benefit.

2. Parents (both female and male employees) in the Czech Republic have a legal right to be granted parental leave by their employer. This entitlement and its scope are upon their request but only until the child turns three. The parents have a possibility to ask for one extra year of approved absence from work to take care of their child (pracovní volno z důvodů péče o dítě) and the decision is up to their employer. Both men and women are entitled to parental leave – the mother can apply once her maternity leave finishes, the father right after the baby is born. Parental leave does not need to be used at once – between the first and third year of age of the child the mother or the father can return to work and then request parental leave again. The parents can take turns in taking parental leave or they can take it at the same time. When back at work after parental leave, the employees must be offered a position according to their work contract but during the time they spent at home they are not entitled to any wage and this period is seen as a period of absence for annual leave purposes.

Am I eligible?

Foreign parents are entitled to parental benefit if they meet the following conditions3 :

If you are a citizen of a nonEU country it is the length of your residence in the Czech Republic that matters. You need to prove that you have been officially residing in the Czech Republic for longer than 1 year (=365 calendar days) with a long-term residency permit.

In case the child was born in the Czech Republic, it is enough if one of the parents – the applicant – fulfils the above-mentioned condition concerning the length of the stay.

If the child was born outside the Czech Republic, then both the child and at least one of the parents need to fulfil the condition of the length of the stay. All the residence permits need to be valid when applying for the benefit.

Once your eligibility has been established on the basis of residence and employment, there are a few more conditions – equally valid for both Czech and foreign parents – that need to be met. They concern the extent to which the parents on parental leave drawing the state social benefit can take advantage of public nurseries, (specialized) care centres and pre-school establishments. The general rules are as follows:

  • Children younger than two: 46 hours / month
  • Children of disabled parents: no more than 4 hours / day
  • Disabled children: no more than 6 hours / day

In general, the parent is allowed to work and draw parental allowance but, while working4, the parent must make sure that the child will be taken care of by another adult person.

The parent’s income is not tested either at this point yet the previous eligibility for maternity benefit and the monthly amount you were accorded play important roles in the way you will be allowed to draw and regulate your parental benefit.

3. Please, note that assessing eligibility for parental benefit is usually done in person as it requires a very specific approach and tends to vary case to case. In the section ´Entitlement to benefits´ on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs you can read a more precise explanation of the required conditions.

4. Self-employed parents who continue their business are, of course, still obliged to pay their social and health insurance advance payments.

What amount am I entitled to?

As we have already established, parental benefit is an allowance for parents duly caring for their youngest child and it is limited by time (4 years of the child´s age) and / or by a total amount that can be allocated per child (CZK 220,000)7 . If the daily basis of assessment can be determined for both parents, the calculation is based on the higher one.

Once granted, parental benefit can be paid up to 3 months back8 from the date of application. The parent can change this monthly amount every three months.

Changes in the state social benefits

Family benefits (namely parental and child benefits)9 have undergone changes which are valid from January 1, 2018.

As for parental benefit, the changes are overall positive. Thanks to higher monthly limits parents can draw the allocated money quicker. Also, anyone who is granted parental benefit can now change the height of their monthly allowance every three months. Last but not least, parental benefit in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) has been increased by fifty percent.

The new conditions apply to anyone who applies from January 1 2018 onwards. Those parents who are already getting parental benefit can apply for transition into the new system at any point starting January 1, 2018 using a form called Choosing the monthly amount of parental benefit (Volba výše rodičovského příspěvku). In case of parents of multiple children, transition into the new system will not only change the way and speed of drawing the benefit, but it will also increase the overall sum10.

Calculation of a monthly benefit

The maximal height of a monthly parental benefit depends on whether the daily basis of assessment for determination of your maternity benefit11 can be calculated or not. This (im)possibility to assess one’s daily basis is determined by

  • the fact whether the parent was or was not eligible for a maternity benefit
  • the fact whether the parent was economically active and thus contributing towards their sickness insurance12 12 months prior to the month the child was born in

the country/ies13 the parent worked in during the above-mentioned period of time

  • the height of the parent’s income during the above-mentioned period of time

a/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CAN BE ESTABLISHED

If at least one parent was eligible for and therefore drawing maternity benefit or if at least for one of the parents it is possible to calculate a daily basis of assessment14 , the maximal monthly amount can be as high as their (hypothetical) maternity benefit.

PB max = 30 x daily basis x 0.7

b/ DAILY BASIS OF ASSESSMENT CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED

In case none of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit and the daily basis assessment15 cannot be calculated for any of them either, the maximal monthly amount of parental benefit is clearly set.

PB max = CZK 7,600

Men

If the mother of the child is not eligible for parental benefit, or if she is not happy with the maximal monthly amount based on her previous income and (therefore) sickness insurance contributions, the allowance can be drawn by the father of the child in case he meets all the required conditions.

Multiple children

By nature parental benefit is a social benefit supporting the parent taking care of the child(ren), not the child(dren) themselves. That is why even in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.) there is only one benefit. The conditions of eligibility are identical with those concerning parental benefit for one child. However, the maximal possible amount of parental benefit for parents with multiple children is higher – CZK 330,000. Also the formula defining the maximal monthly amount is different:

  • PB max = 30 x daily basis of assessment x 1.5 in case of parents whose daily basis can be assessed
  • PB max = CZK 11,400 in case of parents whose daily basis cannot be assessed

Monthly amount of parental benefit can be changed every three months.

A second child

In case a second child is born while still drawing parental benefit, the parents (mother or father) need to meet the same basic conditions (270 days / 2 years – employees, 270 and 180 / 2 and 1 years – self-employed) as when applying for the first maternity benefit. Except for ‘chain births’ (= the mother starts the second maternity leave before the first child turns three) when the eligibility for the second maternity benefit is based on the same data as the previous one, the two last calendar years preceding the start of the second maternity leave are taken into account. The situations then may vary16 according to the parent´s job situation or type of employment (self-employed, employee etc.) and it is therefore highly recommended to visit the Employment office in person and assess your situation with one of the officials.

In case you (or your spouse / partner due to better work or insurance conditions) are entitled to the second maternity benefit, it, once again, depends on your specific situation how the rest of your parental benefit can be used up in the most efficient way. In case you have enough time, you can increase the monthly amount to its maximum. If it still is not enough to use up as much benefit you are entitled to as possible, you can swop with your partner / husband and draw the rest of the benefit under different (= more convenient) conditions. The rest of the benefit you do not manage to draw before your second maternity benefit starts will be erased and you start with a new parental benefit (= CZK 220,000 credit) with the next child. It is your obligation to announce at the Employment office (State social support department) that you are applying for the next maternity benefit. In case none of the parents is entitled to the second maternity benefit, you will apply for the next parental benefit right after your second child is born.

7. CZK 330,000 in case of multiple children (twins, triplets etc.)

8. In case in one of these months parental benefit ´collides´ with maternity benefit (e.g. your maternity benefit finishes on March 15 and you apply for parental benefit on June 1), the amount of parental benefit for that month will be the difference between its full  monthly amount and the amount of maternity benefit for that particular month.

9. The above-mentioned changes also affect other types of social benefits such as parental benefit for parents providing temporary foster care or housing benefit. These, however, are not the subject of this infosheet. You´ll find more information (in Czech only) in the official press release published on the website of the Miinistry of Labour and Social Affairs.

10. If parents of multiple children who are already getting parental benefit wish to change the overall sum from CZK 220,000 to CZK 330,000, they will need to officially reapply for the benefit. This possibility concerns parents who have already used up the whole original sum (CZK 220,000) but whose children have not yet turned four. For the list of documents needed in order to reapply see the section ´Procedure – Required documents´ below.

11. For more information see the section ‘Benefit’ in the previous part ‘Maternity benefit’.

12. Calendar days parents spend on a maternity leave are considered as days with valid sickness insurance – for example for the purpose of assessing the daily basis when applying for parental benefit.

13. If it was the Czech Republic, an EU country or a nonEU country with a bilateral treaty covering social benefits, the parent’s daily basis can be assessed by the local Social insurance office. If it was a nonEU country without a bilateral treaty, it is not possible.

14. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceeding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

15. The parent was economically active during 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in in a country that allows calculation of a daily basis assessment.

16. Have a look at this very useful overview of various situations that could happen when expecting a second child and re-applying for maternity benefit. In Czech only, unfortunately.

How do I apply?

The procedure of applying for parental benefit is a rather simple one. As for the timing, the mother of the child can apply right after finishing her maternity leave or, in case she is not entitled to maternity benefit, right after her baby is born. The father of the child can apply from the day the baby is born.

You apply at the regional Employment office, at the department of the State Social Support (Úřad práce, Státní sociální podpora, Polní 1011/37, tram stop Vojtova) that belongs under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Required documents

Please, note that the required documents may vary according to what your purpose of the visit is (first registration, changes in your current parental benefit). Also, although there is always only one final applicant for a benefit, sometimes both parents need to be assessed and therefore both need to bring the necessary documents.

  • form called Application for parental benefit (Žádost o rodičovský příspěvek) signed by the applicant and the second parent
  • in case one of the parents was entitled to maternity benefit, an official confirmation (Potvrzení o nároku na dávku) from the Czech Social Security Administration is needed. A similar confirmation (Potvrzení o denním vyměřovacím základu) is needed in cases when, for example, none of the parents was eligible for maternity benefit but the income17 of one of them during the 12 months preceding the month the baby was born in makes it possible to calculate18 a daily basis of assessment and thus entitles the parent to parental benefit without a fixed maximal limit19 .
  • birth certificate of the youngest child(ren)20
  • valid identity card / passport (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet)
  • valid residence documents (all the family members except for the baby if such document has not been issued yet). NonEU citizens are obliged to bring their valid residence permits. It is also highly recommended that they bring an official confirmation of their and their family members’ residencies including visa stays (Potvrzení o pobytu včetně vízových pobytů)21 issued by the local Immigration office (MOI)
  • other22

17. This applies to income earned in the Czech Republic, in an EU country or in a nonEU country with bilateral treaty with the Czech Republic concerning social benefits.

18. For the purpose of calculation an employee needs to bring a document showing their earnings during the above-mentioned 12-month period of time. Either official payslips or a signed and stamped proclamation from the employer will do.

19. For details see the section above explaining calculation of a monthly benefit.

20. In case of birth certificates issued by a foreign authority, a certified translation into Czech (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization) is needed.

21. Issuing this document can take up to 30 days. The fee is CZK 15/document.

22. In rare cases only: a/ lease or a affirmation of your accommodation done by your landlord (= the owner of the flat or house, b/ certified translation into Czech of the marriage certificate (with higher recognition such as Apostille or superlegalization)

Also, don't forget to bring...
  • written proclamation
    • if only one parent is unemployed and the other one is involved in the application procedure (e.g. when a mother is the applicant but they use the income of the father to prove the family income), the parent who is not working will be asked to hand in a written proclamation29 . The employed one will be asked to provide a valid work contract and confirmation of current employment (the signature of the employer should not be older than a couple of weeks), the self-employed one will need to bring their trade license and the most recent tax overview, if they already have one.
  • if none of the parents are (self-)employed, probably both will be asked to do such proclamations

29. Usually, this proclamation needs to be written in Czech (only some officials accept English too) and can be hand-written or printed. The content should be similar to ‘I, full name, ID/residence number, rodné číslo, living on address in Brno declare that I have never worked in the Czech Republic. It should also contain a date, full name and signature on the bottom. Sometimes mothers are also asked to add a section about never getting maternity benefit in the Czech Republic, as well.

General info

When it comes to the financial support provided to families in relation to pregnancy, childbirth and afterbirth care of children, the Czech system rests on two main pillars – indirect contributions via tax reliefs and the social security scheme. Apart from the system of assistance in material need and benefits for people with disabilities, the social security scheme also includes social insurance and the state social support which are the two components covering maternity, paternity, parental and child benefits.

If the conditions of eligibility for these benefits are met, they are also available for foreign parents and families living in the Czech Republic.

During their maternity, paternity or parental leaves, the parents are absent but excused from work and entitled to sickness insurance and social support benefits, although not entitled to a salary.

If a mother or a father wish to take leave right after or before the end of their maternity/paternity/parental leave during the period of the maternity leave, the employer is obliged to allow it but, if taken before the parental leave, it then cannot be shortened.

Paternity, maternity or parental leaves of a father during the period when the mother has the right to be on the maternity leave are recognized as a performance of work and therefore entitling the parents to the annual leave.

After their return to work (after the allowed period of time), the employer is obliged to assign to them either their original job or a job in correspondence with their employment contracts.